Dr. Jack L. Gish & Associates of West Hartford
836 Farmington Ave, Suite 105, West Hartford, CT 06119

Glossary of Dental Terms

A

Amalgam – Material made from mercury and other alloy mixtures used to restore a drilled portion of a tooth.
Anesthesia – Medications used to relieve pain.
Anterior teeth – Front teeth. Also called incisors and cuspids.
Arch – The upper or lower jaw.

B

Baby bottle tooth decay – Caused by sugary substances in breast milk and some juices, which combine with saliva to form pools inside the baby?s mouth.
Bicuspids – Back teeth used for chewing.
Bitewings – X-rays that help a dentist diagnose cavities.
Bonding – Application of tooth-colored resin materials to the surface of the teeth.
Bridge – A fixed or removable appliance that replaces lost teeth.
Bruxism – Teeth grinding.

C

Calculus – A sticky substance (also called tartar) that has hardened.
Canal – The narrow chamber inside the tooth?s root.
Canines – Also called cuspids.
Canker sore – One that occurs on the delicate tissues inside your mouth. A canker sore is usually light-colored at its base and can have a red exterior border.
Caries – Another term for decay, which causes cavities.
Cold sore – Usually occurs on the outside of the mouth, usually on or near the nose or lips. A cold sore is contagious because it is caused by the herpes simplex virus, and it is usually painful and filled with fluid.
Composite filling – Tooth colored restorations, also known as resin fillings.
Composite resin – A tooth-colored resin combined with silica or porcelain and used as a restoration material.
Contouring – The process of reshaping teeth.
Crown – An artificial cover that is placed on the top of a tooth following restoration.
Cusps – The pointed parts on top of the back teeth?s chewing surface.
Cuspids – Front teeth that typically have a protruding edge.

D

Dentin – The tooth layer underneath the enamel.
Denture – A removable set of teeth.

E

Endodontics – A form of dentistry that addresses problems affecting the tooth?s root or nerve.

F

Fluoride – A naturally occurring substance added to water, toothpastes and some rinses and used for strengthening the tooth?s enamel.
Fluorosis – A harmless over-exposure to fluoride and resulting sometimes in tooth discoloration.

G

Gingiva – Another word for gum tissue.
Gingivitis – A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque.
Gum disease – An infection of the gum tissues. Also called periodontal disease.

I

Impacted teeth – A condition in which a tooth fails to erupt or only partially erupts.
Implant – A permanent appliance used to replace a missing tooth.
Incisor – Front teeth with cutting edges; located in the center or on the sides near the front.
Inlay – An artificial filling made of various materials, including porcelain, resin, or gold.

L

Laminate veneer – A shell that is bonded to the enamel of a front tooth. The shell is usually thin and made from porcelain resin.
Laser – Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. A single wavelength beam of highly concentrated energy.

M

Malocclusion – Bad bite relationship.
Mandible – The lower jaw.
Maxilla – The upper jaw.
Molar – Usually the largest teeth, near the rear of the mouth. Molars have large chewing surfaces.

N

Neuromuscular Dentistry – are more than the aches and pains felt in around the neck and head that are associated with your teeth and jaw.

O

Onlay – A filling designed to protect the chewing surface of a tooth.
Orthodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with tooth and jaw alignment.
Overdenture – A non-fixed dental appliance applied to a small number of natural teeth or implants.

P

Palate – Roof of the mouth.
Partial denture – A removable appliance that replaces teeth. Also called a bridge.
Pedodontics – A field of dentistry that deals with children?s teeth.
Perio pocket – An opening formed by receding gums.
Periodontal disease – Infection of the gum tissues. Also called gum disease.
Periodontist – A dentist who treats diseases of the gums.
Permanent teeth – The teeth that erupt after primary teeth. Also called adult teeth.
Plaque – A sticky, colorless substance that covers the teeth after sleep or periods between brushing.
Posterior teeth – The bicuspids and molars. Also called the back teeth.
Primary teeth – A person?s first set of teeth. Also called baby teeth or temporary teeth.
Prophylaxis – The act of cleaning the teeth.
Prosthodontics – The field of dentistry that deals with artificial dental appliances.
Pulp – The inner tissues of the tooth containing blood, nerves and connective tissue.

R

Receding gum – A condition in which the gums separate from the tooth, allowing bacteria and other substances to attack the tooth?s enamel and surrounding bone.
Resin filling – An artificial filling used to restore teeth. Also called a composite filling.
Root canal – A procedure in which a tooth?s nerve is removed and an inner canal cleansed and later filled.
Root planing – Scraping or cleansing of teeth to remove heavy buildup of tartar below the gum line.

S

Sealant – A synthetic material placed on the tooth?s surface that protects the enamel and chewing surfaces.

T

TMJ – Temporomandibular joint disorder. Health problems related to the jaw joint just in front of the ear.
Tarter – A hardened substance (also called calculus) that sticks to the tooth?s surface.

V

Veneer – A laminate applied or bonded to the tooth.

W

Whitening – A process that employs special bleaching agents for restoring the color of teeth.
Wisdom tooth – Third set of molars that erupt last in adolescence.

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Patient Reviews
I have been coming to the office for a few years now and I love the friendly environment. It really makes me feel at ease during my visit. I have been seen by a couple of the hygienist and they were […]
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I’ve been going to Dr. Gish and Associates since I moved to CT 4yrs ago. The staff made me feel at home in my new environment. TheDoctors and staff left no nook and crannie untouched and only […]
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very out standing staff
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Dr. Guidice is by far the best dentist I have ever had. His entire front desk staff especially Jackie, Tasha and Monika are extremely professional and courteous. Celine (Dental hygienist) is very […]
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Everybody at the office is very nice. It’s the bet experience I’ve ever had. Jackie is a pleasure to talk to at the front desk :)
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My hygienist, Michelle, is FANTASTIC! This dental office is absolutely wonderful, and I highly recommend them! The front desk staff is warm, welcoming, and knowledgeable. They put everyone at ease, […]
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All the staff there are very friendly. I went in for a routine teeth cleaning & was done in a timely manner,Megan answered my questions & Jackie the receptionist took care of my appointment […]
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Dr. Guidice it’s the best. Made me feel relaxed, we developed good rapport right away. He’s a confident and knowledgeable clinician. He did not advise any unecessary work. I’ll be […]
Kenny G.
Dr Guidice is a wonderful dentist! Truly a great office, attentive staff and a very comfortable atmosphere.
Camille D.
Dr. Glazman is fantastic! I’ve been seeing her for several years for a variety of dental needs. She has beautifully (and painlessly) repaired 5 weakened teeth in my mouth with crowns (some needing […]
Craig F.
The staff are helpful and kind. They are willing to answer all questions if able. They offer insightful information about your visit and how to stay up on your dental hygiene. I always feel welcomed […]
Alisha C.
I love the people here I been coming here forever they do excellent work!!!!!
Christine F.
Jackie and Josette are great!!! They always have a smile and are accommodating. They make each visit feel like you’re not at the dentist’s office.
Jose D.
Awesome staff, wonderful doctors and a high level of professionalism is the reason I’m still a client for over 20yrs. Thank you Dr Guidice for your patience and kindness. From the moment you […]
Floyd G.
Celine is a great hygienist, very thorough and very warm and pleasant. I have been going to them for years.
Cynthia L.
A five star experience!
Beverly G.
Dr. Guidice is the best. He cares. Plain and simple. He answered my questions about the work I had previously done with another dentist. He didn’t try to do unnecessary work but instead made […]
Krzysztof L.
I’ve been visiting gish and associates for a while now and I always see Tiffany because I like her service , she’s very interactive and explain . The hygienist Tiffany is the best
Jerome P.
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Mon. – 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Tue. – 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Wed. – 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Thu. – 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
Fri. – 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
Sat. – 8:00 AM - 1:00 PM
Phone: (860) 265-1411
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  • Friday 8:00 AM - 2:00 PM
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